26 Feb 2017

Introduction To Crochet – Free Tutorial

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Crochet is a craft that is easy to work and enables you to make accessories, clothes, toys and gifts.

Holding the yarn

The yarn is held at tension (but able to move easily) in the left hand (if you are right-handed).

Left hand

Holding work in left-hand Yarn held to achieve the necessary tension

 

Crochet hook in left

Crochet hook held in right hand

The yarn is held at tension (but able to move easily) in the right hand (if you are left-handed).

The basis of working crochet is pulling yarn through an existing loop to make a new loop.

Different combinations of loops make the finished stitches taller or shorter; deliberate gaps between groups of stitches are used to create the effect of lacy patterns.

Foundation chain

The basis of crochet fabric is the foundation chain – sequence of simple loops.  A few additional loops may be worked before starting the main pattern, to ensure that the start of the row matches the height of the subsequent stitches.

Motifs

As an alternative to working a length of crochet fabric, small motifs can be worked and either sewn together or linked together as further motifs are worked.  A popular motif is the “granny square”.

Stitches

Chain

A simple chain (loop) pulled through the existing loop from the ball of yarn.

Slip stitch

A chain pulled through to join the next stitch to the existing stitch (for example, to join a circle or complete a stage in a motif before moving on to the next stage).

Double crochet

The crochet hook is inserted into the loop of the stitch below, a loop pulled through from the yarn off the ball; these two loops are worked together with another loop worked from the ball of yarn.

Half treble

A loop of yarn is taken around the crochet hook, which is then inserted into the loop of the stitch below, a loop pulled through from the yarn off the ball; these three loops are worked together with another loop worked from the ball of yarn.

Treble

A loop of yarn is taken around the crochet hook, which is then inserted into the loop of the stitch below, a loop pulled through from the yarn off the ball, these first two loops are worked together with another loop worked from the ball of yarn, then the final two loops are worked in the same way.

Double treble

Two loops of yarn are taken around the crochet hook, which is then inserted into the loop of the stitch below, a loop pulled through from the yarn off the ball, the first two loops are worked together with another loop worked from the ball of yarn, the next two loops are worked together, then the final two loops are worked in the same way.

Triple treble

Three loops of yarn are taken around the crochet hook, which is then inserted into the loop of the stitch below, a loop pulled through from the yarn off the ball, the first two loops are worked together with another loop worked from the ball of yarn, the next two loops are worked together, and the following two loops, then the final two loops are worked in the same way.

Scalloped Edging

Using trebles and double crochet stitches we can make a scalloped edging on crochet, or work separately on top of a row of double crochet to attach to a piece of fabric.  Different effects can be achieved by using different colours for different rows, or threading ribbon between stitches.

Chain 1, (skip the next stitch in the row below, work five trebles all into the single stitch below, skip the next stitch in the row below, work one double crochet into the next stitch below) repeat until the end.

Working a combination of stitches with a scalloped edge trim will give you something like this:

scallop edges

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Crochet Notation

Crochet patterns can be written in words, with abbreviations or in diagrams (sometimes in combination with each other).  The benefit of the diagrams is that you can see more clearly what the finished article will look like.  Please be aware that UK and American terminology uses slightly different terms; these are set out below.

Convrsion chat for crochet

 

If you are interested in booking a class, click here. We would be happy to help you.

We have a class on Thursday, 2nd March, 11:30am – 1:30pm, we are offering an introductory fee of £5. Cakes and Coffee included.

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